Phlomis tuberosa

new search

Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 0.6––1.5
    ?
  • Growth form: clonal herb
    ?
  • Life form: hemicryptophyte (geophyte)
    ?
  • Life strategy: C – competitor
    ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present, not modified
    ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): opposite, rosulate
    ?
  • Leaf shape: simple – entire
    ?
  • Stipules: absent
    ?
  • Petiole: present
    ?
  • Leaf life span: summer green
    ?
  • Leaf anatomy: mesomorphic
    ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: May-July
    ?
  • Flower colour: pink, pink-violet
    ?
  • Flower symmetry: zygomorphic
    ?
  • Perianth type: calyx and corolla
    ?
  • Perianth fusion: fused
    ?
  • Shape of the sympetalous corolla or syntepalous perianth: bilabiate
    ?
  • Calyx fusion: synsepalous
    ?
  • Inflorescence type: pseudospica e verticillastris composita
    ?
  • Dicliny: synoecious
    ?
  • Pollination syndrome: insect-pollination
    ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: dry fruit – cluster of four one-seeded nutlets
    ?
  • Fruit colour: brown, black
    ?
  • Reproduction type: by seed/spores and vegetatively
    ?
  • Dispersal unit (diaspore): fruit, infrutescence or its part
    ?
  • Dispersal strategy: Allium (mainly autochory)
    ?
  • Myrmecochory: probably non-myrmecochorous
    ?

Belowground organs and clonality

  • Shoot metamorphosis: rhizome-like pleiocorm
    ?
  • Root metamorphosis: secondary storage root
    ?
  • Storage organ: rhizome-like pleiocorm, secondary storage root
    ?
  • Type of clonal growth organ: hypogeogenous rhizome
    ?
  • Freely dispersible organs of clonal growth: absent
    ?
  • Shoot life span (cyclicity): dicyclic or polycyclic shoots prevailing
    ?
  • Branching type of stem-derived organs of clonal growth: sympodial
    ?
  • Primary root: absent
    ?
  • Persistence of the clonal growth organ [year]: 4
    ?
  • Number of clonal offspring: 1
    ?
  • Lateral spreading distance by clonal growth [m]: 0.01
    ?
  • Clonal index: 3
    ?
  • Bud bank

    ?
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds excluded): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds excluded): 10
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds excluded): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds excluded): 15
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds exluded) [cm]: 4
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds included): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds included): 10
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds included): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds included): 15
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds included) [cm]: 4

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic
    ?
  • Carnivory: non-carnivorous
    ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixation: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts
    ?

Karyology

  • Chromosome number (2n): 22
    ?
  • Ploidy level (x): 2
    ?
  • 2C genome size [Mbp]: 3964.84
    ?
  • 1Cx monoploid genome size [Mbp]: 1982.42
    ?
  • Genomic GC content: 40.7 %
    ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: native
    ?

Ecological indicator values

  • Ellenberg-type indicator values

  • Light indicator value: 7 – half-light plant, mostly occurring at full light, but also in the shade up to about 30% of diffuse radiation incident in an open area
    ?
  • Temperature indicator value: 7 – heat indicator, occurring in relatively warm lowlands
    ?
  • Moisture indicator value: 4 – transition between values 3 and 5
    ?
  • Reaction indicator value: 8 – transition between values 7 and 9, occurring mostly in calcium-rich conditions
    ?
  • Nutrient indicator value: 4 – transition between values 3 and 5
    ?
  • Salinity indicator value: 0 – not salt tolerant, glycophyte
    ?

Habitat and sociology

  • Occurrence in habitats

    ?
  • 8 Dry grasslands

  • 8C Narrow-leaved sub-continental steppes: 2 – optimum
  • 8D Broad-leaved dry grasslands: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 8F Thermophilous forest fringe vegetation: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 11 Heathlands and scrub

  • 11L Tall mesic and xeric shrub: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 11N Low xeric scrub: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12 Forests

  • 12H Peri-Alpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak forests: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12I Sub-continental thermophilous oak forests: 1 – rare occurrence
  • Affinity to the forest environment

    ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
  • Ecological specialization indices

    ?
  • Ecological specialization index for all vegetation types: 5.7
  • Ecological specialization index for non-forest vegetation: 6.1
  • Colonization ability

    ?
  • Index of colonization success (ICS): 1

Distribution and frequency

  • Floristic zone: northern temperate, southern temperate, submeridional, meridional
    ?
  • Floristic region: Europe, Asia, Siberia
    ?
  • Elevational belt in the Czech Republic: colline belt
    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in the basic grid mapping cells and quadrants of the basic grid mapping cells: 27, 43
    ?
  • Commonness in vegetation plots from the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots: 0 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 5%: 25 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 25%: 0 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 50%: 0 %
  • Mean percentage cover in vegetation plots: 4.5 %
  • Maximum percentage cover in vegetation plots: 13 %
  • Number of habitats with taxon occurrence in the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon occurs: 7
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 1
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon occurs: 3
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 1

Threats and protection

  • Red List 2017 (national categories): C2b – endangered taxon, rare and declining
    ?
  • Red List 2017 (IUCN categories): VU – vulnerable
    ?
  • Legal protection: not protected by law
    ?
This web page uses for the attendance analysis cookies. By using this web you agree with this. More info.