This alliance includes stands dominated by various species of Chara and Tolypella that are characterized by calcium carbonate incrustations of their thallus and occurrence in calcium-rich water. In contrast to the alliance Nitellion flexilis, this alliance is more common in continental areas and in man-made habitats.
Citation: Šumberová K., Hrivnák R., Rydlo J. & Oťaheľová H. (2011): Vegetace parožnatek (Charetea). Vegetation of stoneworts. – In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation], p. 248–267, Academia, Praha.
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